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Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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In this essay, Paul Vallas--education reform expert and key advisor to the government of Haiti in developing its national education plan--discusses his plan for Haiti. The paper explores the successes and challenges of education reform in Haiti, before and after the earthquake that devastated the nation in 2010. The essay describes the improvements made in other parts of the world distraught by natural disasters. Vallas explores how lessons learned could be adapted and emulated in a country...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Natural Disasters, Foreign Countries, Emergency Programs, Educational Planning,...
This publication contains the results of the conference "South-South Policy Dialogue on Quality Education for Adults and Young People" that took place in Mexico City in 2005. Articles were written by participants who presented their national programmes from the governmental perspective, which were reflected in the literacy policies, but there were also important contributions on basic education and competence recognition. Accent was put on the experiences of four countries that were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Quality, Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Learning, Foreign...
This collection of papers comprises proceedings from the 5th English in South East Asia Conference, held in December 2000 at Curtin University of Technology in Perth. The 19 papers include the following: (1) "Global English and Local Language Policies" (Robert Phillipson); (2) "Hong Kong Parents' Preference for English-Medium Education: Passive Victims of Imperialism or Active Agents of Pragmatism?" (David Li); (3) "Implications of the Recommendation that English Become...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cantonese, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Elementary Secondary Education,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Dec 19, 2015 ERIC
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This guide is designed for Tagalog language training of Peace Corps workers in the Philippines, and reflects daily communication needs in that context. It consists of: a quick reference to common expressions and phrases; a series of topical vocabulary and phrase lists; targeted core language competencies, at three proficiency levels; a Tagalog-to-English glossary; a workbook containing drill, completion, matching, identification, and sentence construction exercises; and extensive grammar notes....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Acculturation, Classroom Communication, Community Services, Competency Based...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Dec 19, 2015 ERIC
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The workbook for Ilokano was designed for language training of Peace Corps volunteers in the Philippines. It consists of: a list of commonly-used phrases for greetings, leavetaking, shopping, asking for directions, managing a conversation, and introducing oneself; a more extensive vocabulary/phrase book of words and expressions used in everyday communication, organized by situation and accompanied by English translations; a list of core competencies at three skill levels (beginning,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavioral Objectives, Communicative Competence (Languages), Competency Based...
This guide for teaching Tagalog as a second language is designed for training Peace Corps volunteers. It consists of 140 lessons based on cartoons from a Philippines newspaper. Each lesson contains a one- to three-panel cartoon in Tagalog with English translation, vocabulary and grammar notes, comprehension questions, and notes on related cultural features. Cartoon topics include a variety of daily living and interpersonal situations. (MSE)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cartoons, Conversational Language Courses, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Education,...
The paper explores the relationship of women's childbearing attitudes to educational and work opportunities. Program administrators for family planning, educational programs, and national development efforts in developing countries must realize the importance of the social and cultural environment in designing programs to reduce population growth. Section one discusses the impact of education on women's attitudes toward childbearing. Schooling exposes women to new kinds of information, can...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Attitude Change, Birth Rate, Community Role, Comparative Education,...
Approximately 20 million workers are presently living in countries other than their homelands in order to find better job opportunities. This labor migration is determined mainly by an income gap between the sending and receiving countries. Less important determinants are historical ties, cultural or linguistic affinity, and proximity. Emigrants include highly educated professionals such as doctors and engineers, and unskilled laborers who can assume low-paying jobs in agriculture and industry,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Strategies, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Factors,...
Solar photovoltaic cells have been called the ultimate energy technology, environmentally benign and without moving parts, solar cells directly convert sunlight into electricity. Photovoltaic energy conversion is fundamentally different from all other forms of electricity generation. Without turbines, generators or other mechanical equipment, it more closely resembles photosynthesis, the biochemical process that forms the energy basis of life on earth. A product of mid-twentieth century...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electricity, Energy, Environmental Education, Foreign Countries, Government Role,...
Analysts of U.S.-Soviet balance of power usually focus on relative military strength. But other factors determine a country's overall power and influence. Among the most basic is a country's capacity to feed its people. By this measure the Soviet Union appears to be in deep trouble. Massive spending has increased Soviet military strength in recent years, but the country has become weaker agriculturally. While the two superpowers now appear roughly equal in military strength, the advantage in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Production, Agricultural Trends, Agriculture, Economic Factors, Exports,...
This report focuses on the necessity and advantages of recycling. Following an introduction, the report is divided into five sections, addressing respectively: the necessity of recycling; waste paper recycling; aluminum recycling; iron and steel recycling; and three steps to a "recycling society." These steps include: (1) requiring that consumers pay full costs of materials they use and requiring efforts to reduce energy price subsidies; (2) building world markets for scrap paper,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Environmental Education, Foreign Countries, Fuels, Matter, Metals, Paper (Material),...
Nuclear power was considered vital to humanity's future until just a short time ago. Since the late seventies, economic viability has joined a list of such issues as waste disposal and radiation hazards which call into question the future of nuclear power. This document discusses (in separate sections): (1) the selling of nuclear power, including worldwide nuclear power commitments; (2) costs, including annual rate increases for nuclear construction; (3) explanations for the rising cost of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Costs, Economic Factors, Economics, Electricity, Foreign Countries, Nuclear Energy,...
Although soil erosion is a natural process, it has increased to the point where it far exceeds the natural formation of new soil. However, with only occasional exceptions, national agricultural and population policies have failed to take soil depletion into account. Projections of world food production always incorporate estimates of future cropland area, but what has been lacking has been an effort to project changes in inherent productivity of the projected cropland area. To help remedy this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Production, Developing Nations, Economics, Foreign Countries, Government...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This report emphasizes the need for action in improving human nutrition, health and the status of women in Third World countries. Special attention is directed to improvement in child health care practices. The report advocates a strategy that meshes short term needs of desperate families with long term requirements of ecological stability and economic development. A strategy of integrated development to meet basic needs in the Third World demands not just techniques that prevent death but...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Birth Rate, Developing Nations, Disease Control, Family Health, Family Planning,...
This document, which examines various topics and issues related to the management of freshwater supplies, is organized into 6 main sections. These sections include: (1) the water cycle and renewable supplies, providing data on distribution of such supplies by continent and average annual per capita runoff produced in selected countries with projections for the year 2000; (2) competing uses for water, providing data on world water use (total and per capita) for 1940-80, growth in irrigated areas...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Conservation (Environment), Developing Nations, Foreign Countries,...
Electricity, which has largely supplanted oil as the most controversial energy issue of the 1980s, is at the center of some of the world's bitterest economic and environmental controversies. Soaring costs, high interest rates, and environmental damage caused by large power plants have wreaked havoc on the once booming electricity industry. Although policymakers around the world disagree vigorously about future trends and appropriate policies, virtually all acknowledge that a turning point has...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alternative Energy Sources, Coal, Costs, Developing Nations, Electricity, Energy,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Dec 30, 2014 ERIC
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This report focuses on topics and issues related to the global use of tobacco. It consists of an introduction and six major sections. These sections deal with: (1) the epidemic rate at which smoking is spreading, indicating that the global rate has grown nearly 75 percent over the past two decades and is growing at 2.1 percent per year, faster than world population growth; (2) health factors, indicating that lung cancer is predominantly a disease of smoking and showing the international...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Cancer, Death, Drug Abuse, Drug Use, Foreign Countries,...
Existing demographic analyses do not explain the negative relationship between population growth and life-support systems that are now emerging in scores of developing countries. The demographic transition, a theory first outlined by demographer Frank Notestein in 1945, classified all societies into one of three stages. Drawing heavily on the European experience, it has provided the conceptual framework for a generation of demographic research. During the first stage of the demographic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Birth Rate, Cross Cultural Studies, Demography, Developing Nations, Foreign...
This report examines the role played by the Peace Corps education sector in developing countries. Section I provides a general overview of the progress over the past 20 years of education assistance. A case study is presented of education programs in Sierra Leone. Section II provides an overview of distribution of education volunteers worldwide and by programming categories in 1980. Section III considers the current condition. It describes conditions of education in developing countries,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Agency Role, Developing Nations, Education, Foreign Countries,...
The use of pesticides in agriculture and the discarding of industrial chemical waste into the air, soil, and water constitute two major pathways of human exposure to toxic substances. It is argued that these practices release hundreds of millions of tons of potentially hazardous substances into the environment each year. Speculation continues into the long-term consequences of the health and ecological effects of the vast majority of chemicals in use. This document addresses some of these...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disease Control, Ecological Factors, Environmental Education, Foreign Countries,...
Aside from the growth of world population itself, urbanization is the dominant demographic trend of the late twentieth century. The number of people living in cities increased from six hundred million in 1950 to over two billion in 1986. If this growth continues unabated, more than half of humanity will reside in urban areas shortly after the turn of the century. Resultant signs of urban stress now apparent around the world call into question the continuing expansion of cities. Land and water...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Demography, Depleted Resources, Developing Nations, Ecological Factors, Economic...
This publication discusses world problems related to poverty and possible ways to escape those problems. Sections include: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "And the Poor Get Poorer" (reporting data on income distribution in many countries); (3) "The Global Poverty Trap" (describing various hindrances to improving conditions at the local, national, and global levels); (4) "Poverty and the Environment" (including cases of ecological deterioration in many poor...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Developing Nations, Economic Factors, Environment,...
Locating the issue of abortion in a global public policy context, with the array of public health, human rights, and social questions that are implicated, is the aim of this paper. Abortion laws around the world have been liberalized since the 1950s, with a resultant decrease in abortion-related mortality among women. The proportion of the world's population, governed by laws that permit abortion on medical or broader social and economic grounds, is 75 percent (nearly 4 billion people). In...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Abortions, Current Events, Family Planning, Foreign Countries, Global Approach,...
Recent world developments have created an opportune time for nations to vigorously pursue a policy of converting the huge portion of their economies that traditionally have been devoted to military expenditures to more socially productive uses. This paper outlines a strategy for such a conversion, and discusses the issues that must be confronted in such a process. Specific aspects of conversion include: (1) misconceptions about lessening military spending; (2) building a conversion coalition;...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disarmament, Economics, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society), Global Approach,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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The morphological function of tone/accent is examined in a number of Cushitic languages, with the objective of determining whether any comparative statement can be made validly at the group level. Three languages, the Somali dialect cluster, Afar, and Oromo, are the basis for the study. Patterns in case, gender, and the jussive form are analyzed. It is concluded that tone/accent does play an important role in the morphology of these languages, and that it is to some extent possible to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Languages, Case (Grammar), Foreign Countries, Language Patterns, Language...
This curriculum unit was prepared for senior high classroom use to teach geography, history, and environmental issues. The objective of the lesson is to illustrate the historical man/river relationship between Egypt and the Nile River, and the impact of the Aswan dam on the agricultural and economic needs of the country today. The lesson requires three or four classroom periods, and includes maps, charts, vocabulary list, and discussion topics. (NL)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Developing Nations, Ecology, Environmental Education, Foreign...